How a Scroll Saw Works? – Complete Guide

If you’re a woodworker, there’s a good chance you own or have at least used a scroll saw. But how do they work? In this blog post, How a Scroll Saw Works? and find out what makes them so useful for woodworking. So whether you’re just starting out in woodworking or you’re looking for an upgrade, read on to learn more about scroll saws!

The scroll saw is a versatile tool that can be used for cutting anything from wood and metal materials, to plastic. This small machine has one of the most basic designs ever seen in regards to how complex they function at their core functionality: making quick repetitive movements across an object’s surface via reciprocating blades driven by electric motors paired up nicely with variable speed settings so you’re able to achieve accurate angled cuts as well compound ones without much hassle!

The blade is brought up to speed by the one-speed, direct-drive motor and then applied to the workpiece by pressing down on the handle. The saw frame is turned so as to move the blade inward or outward, depending on which direction you wish to cut.

When starting a cut, the blade is usually held perpendicular to the workpiece and as you pull down on the handle, it’s lowered onto the workpiece and starts cutting at a low angle. The speed of downward movement must be slow enough to prevent splintering or chipping of edges.

Features of Scroll Saw Work

  • Oscillating blade under tension
  • Cutting thin material of half an inch 
  • The frame is fixed with a base that supports the material being cut through the scrolling process 
  • A good example of work done by Scroll Saw would be cutting intricate patterns in small pieces of wood for craft products, toys, or industrial parts 
  • Important: Always follow general guidelines when using one for the first time 
  • Place on a flat surface, away from any weighty objects that might fall over because this could break the blade or cause damage to the machine.
  • Keep an eye on children in case they get too close to where you are working with this tool.

Modes of Scroll Saw

There are two modes of operating the scroll saw that has been developed over time:

  • The standard mode
  • The compound mode

The Standard mode 

The Standard mode is the most common way the scroll saw is used since it’s simple to operate, great for making small cuts, and can be very useful when making furniture. This method allows the user to be in full control of how fast and accurate they want their cuts and lines to be and with a little practice, one can become quite good at it. 

The Compound mode

For the compound mode, you must first unlock the arm before adjusting it. To do this, loosen the two screws on top of the left post (near the blade) counter-clockwise with your screwdriver.

Different Scroll Saw Parts

  • Frame
  • Upper and Lower Blade Guard
  • Throat Plate
  • Post Clamp
  • Handle
  • Head Base
  • Slide Table
  • Left and Right Stop Rods (right above slight table)
  • Knob to adjust blade tension
  • Spool of threat to the lower upper guard

How a scroll saw works ?

We have found a video that is the step by step guide on how to use a scroll saw. you can also relate this with your own work using a scroll saw.

Working of scroll saw working

Cutting Speed of Scroll Saw 

Scroll saws are a great way to quickly and easily cut through materials like wood, plastic, and metal. They’re perfect for making detailed cuts that other saws can’t handle. Scroll saws vary in terms of the speed at which they can cut through different materials, so it’s important to find one that can match your needs. The Cutting Speed of Scroll Saw is perfect for anyone looking for a scroll saw with high cutting speeds. Read more here How a chain saw works.

Vibration of Scroll Saw 

If you’re looking to purchase a scroll saw, one thing that is important to consider is the overall vibration. If your Scroll Saw isn’t very stable, it can end up creating an unpleasant amount of noise and possibly lead to inaccurate cuts or injury if the user becomes distracted by the machine. While it can be difficult to know if a Scroll Saw is vibrating too much, the general rule of thumb is that heavier machines are more stable. If you’re looking for a machine that will not only help with accuracy but also comfort, consider purchasing one that is at least 20 pounds or heavier.

Blade Adjustment Settings of Scroll Saw

Adjusting the blade on a Scroll Saw is simple and can be done in just a few minutes. For most models, you will want to raise the upper guard so that it isn’t blocking your view of the workpiece as well as make sure that there are no loose items near the saw to avoid injuries.

Once this is completed, you will want to open the throat plate by loosening the two screws on the back. Once it’s loose, remove it and set it aside. Next, you’ll need to rotate the blade tension knob counterclockwise all the way and push down on it until you hear a soft click. After this step is complete, bring up and down the upper blade guard so that you can see the saw blade. Please read here How a scroll saw blade to use.

The final step is to bring the arm down if it isn’t already in its lowest position, then turn the knob clockwise until you hear a soft click. Afterward, rotate the upper blade guard back into its original place and tighten up all screws by hand first before using your screwdriver to tighten them up even more. Once completed, you will now be able to use your Scroll Saw! 

Throat and Depth of Scroll Saw

The Throat is the area where the blade goes through the wood, plastic, etc. It’s important to make sure that you purchase a Scroll Saw with a throat size that is capable of comfortably holding pieces of your intended material. For most pieces of wood or other medium-sized pieces of material, you’ll want to try and find one with a throat size of at least eight inches.

Depth is concerned with how far up or down the blade can actually reach, which is another very important consideration. The larger the depth, the better as it allows you to make those deeper cuts and curves that are necessary for intricate shapes and patterns. If you plan on working with plywood and other large pieces of material, you’ll want to purchase a Scroll Saw with at least a 10″ depth. Please read more here How to use skil circular saw.

Table Support of Scroll Saw

Every Scroll Saw is different, but most have small table support that helps keep the material in place while you work. This will help make your cuts more accurate and also allow you to accomplish more complex projects with ease. Depending on the material that you plan on working with, this should be considered as an important factor. Some materials will need a more sturdy table to help hold them in place, especially if they are a bit thicker or larger. These would include things like plywood and other types of wood.

Control of Scroll Saw

Before you purchase a Scroll Saw, it is important to consider the overall control that it offers for its users. One way to do this is by simply looking at its specifications and trying out each model until you find one that feels comfortable in your hands. If you are not satisfied with the controls of any scroll saws, try another one until you find one that works well. Another option is to purchase a stationary Scroll Saw as they tend to offer very accurate cuts and control.

Dust Clean of Scroll Saw

A lot of Scroll Saws are able to suck up some, or more commonly all, of the dust that is being created during your project. While this isn’t an absolutely necessary feature to have, it can help save you a lot of time and frustration when trying to clean up after yourself. If you plan on using your Scroll Saw for longer projects, it’s highly recommended that you purchase one with this feature. This will more than pay for itself in the long run.

Safety Rules

  • Make sure that nothing obstructs the material from being cut
  • Hold the workplace firmly and secure it in a fixed position 
  • Keep an eye on children or pets who may get too close to where you are working with this tool.
  • Instructions for using a Scroll Saw
  • Before beginning any project, read through the instruction manual so you have a good idea of what you are doing.
  • Make sure the scroll saw is in a well-ventilated area so it doesn’t overheat or catch any material on fire. 
  • Be sure to unplug the tool when you are done using it and properly dispose of any leftovers. 
  • Check if there is enough room in front of the saw to use it.
  • Be sure to use a push stick if you have to move the material past the blade so your hands are always away from the blade.
  • Make sure that nothing obstructs the material from being cut and be aware of what is happening around you.
  • Always keep an eye on children or pets who may get too close to where you are working with this tool.


  • Precision is possible with this saw.
  • This saw can cut materials of different thicknesses and textures.
  • The blade moves quickly allowing for a lot of cuts at once
  • Can accommodate many accessories such as blades, sanding tools, etc.
  • Blades can be easily replaced or sharpened when they become dull.


  • Be sure that you are in a well-ventilated area when using this tool as it may cause overheating or smoke.
  • Always be aware of what is happening around you while working with this saw so accidents don’t happen.


After reading all of this, you should be more comfortable with purchasing the Scroll Saw that is best suited to your needs. And remember, it’s important to find one that fits in your hands well, as this will allow for a much more enjoyable experience when working on projects. Good luck!

9 thoughts on “How a Scroll Saw Works? – Complete Guide”

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  3. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

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